A Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report indicates that children 4 and younger constitute a high risk group for traumatic brain injury (TBI). A TBI can result from a sudden blow, trauma, or jolt to the brain. TBI injuries account for approximately 1/3 of all injury or accident related deaths in the United States. For teenagers ranging from the ages of 15 to 19, the mechanism of the injury or the TBI is an automobile accident. For small children, a TBI can result from a fall at home or on a playground. If a child has suffered a TBI, timely medical treatment and intervention is essential. Signs or symptoms that a child has suffered a TBI (Traumatic Brain Injury) include the following:
drowsiness that is sudden;
problems being alert;
problems recognizing places or people well known the child;
irritability or whining;
Of course, some of the above symptoms can be merely related to the child’s mood or lack of sleep. This makes it even more difficult in many instances for parents to timely recognize and respond to the symptoms of a TBI. If there has been an incident or a change in your child, consult with your pediatrician or other health care provider for a proper and timely diagnosis.
You can read more about traumatic brain injuries at CDC Report – Traumatic Brain Injuries – Risk to Children.