Articles Posted in Slip & Fall Injuries


Inflatable bounce houses are common sites in cities and towns big and small throughout Florida and the rest of the United States. Children love to play in them and jump around. Unfortunately, bounce houses are the site of serious personal injuries for children as well. Personal injuries and even wrongful deaths can occur especially when safety rules are not followed. In Washington State, a three year old boy died (Jacob Pierce) when an adult jumper fell on the little boy and crushed his skull. It is always important to separate children from adults. Furthermore, it is important to separate children by size and age. In Pop Warner Football, 110 pound boys do not play in the same games as 70 pound boys. This should work the same for bounce houses.

The Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) reported that almost 5000 injuries resulted during the use of bounce houses between 1997 and 2004. Between 2002 and 2005, 4 people were reported to lose their lives during bounce house use / play. The ages of the victims were between 14 and 24. As you can see, young children, teenagers, and, yes, adults are all at risk for injury with bounce house use / play.

You can read more about this bounce houses – dangers and safety tips at Fatal Fun – Inflatable Bounce Houses.

brainmap.jpgChildren are at high risk for head trauma as compared to other age groups. The two children groups identified to be at the highest risk for head trauma are 4 year olds and the age range between 15 and 19 years of age. Head injury symptoms include headaches or neck pain, confusion or mood change, light headedness, loss of balance, nausea, ringing in the ears, memory problems, concentration problems, decision making problems. and sensitivity to light. If any of these symptoms are present and last longer than 15 minutes, medical experts recommend that the child be examined by fire rescue and / or a local emergency room department. Time is of the essence in diagnosing and treating a head injury.

Dr. Duane E. Dede, a co-director of the Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Clinic based at the University of Florida Health Center, advises that any brain injury should be treated seriously and necessary medical precautions should be taken.

It is estimated that 1.4 million suffer traumatic brain injury by a bump, jolt, or blow to the head every year. The primary causes of TBI (Traumatic Brain Injury) are automobile accidents and falls.

708841_digital_camera_2.jpgPhotographs are extremely important pieces of evidence when documenting an injury to a Florida child caused by the negligence of another person or business. Most mobile telephones have cameras built in. Some camera phones are better than others. I typically advise clients to take photographs with a regular or digital camera to make sure that the photographs clearly document the injuries or the site of an accident. In my law practice, photographs have been pivotal in documenting the following:

Vehicle damage;



Florida children suffer personal injuries from slip and fall incidents every day in Jacksonville and other cities in Florida as well as the rest of the United States. People say that accidents happen and child will fall. These statements are true; however many injuries result of the carelessness of another person. A property owner has a duty to maintain the premises in a reasonably safe manner. Customers and visitors do not visit areas open to the public at their own risks. Whether it is a supermarket, Wal Mart or Target type of store, or any other business for that matter including government offices, the floors, common walk ways, bathrooms, and other areas need to be maintained in a safe condition. If there is a danger in place whether it is a hole in the floor or a leaking air conditioner, the property owner or manager should repair the problem at least post signs, cones, and / or barricades to warn visitors especially children of these dangerous areas and conditions. It is also important for parents to keep an close watch on their children. If you have any questions about a slip and fall type of injury, it is helpful to have the advice and representation of a Florida child injury lawyer. Each case is different and evaluated on its own facts and merits.

1019177___happy__.jpgFlorida public and private schools, day care centers, and summer camps are responsible for teaching and supervising our children. Parents and caregivers rely on public schools and private businesses to watch over our children. While schools are not responsible for every injury or problem that arises, Florida schools and their employees, agents, and even volunteers are responsible for injuries to children that are caused by negligence.

Negligent supervision in the setting of a Florida school, day care, or summer camp requires the following elements:

1. The existence of a teacher-student OR counselor – camper relationship giving rise to a legal duty to supervise the child;


Summer camp is a tradition in Florida and the United States. Whether your child goes to a day camp or sleep away camp, there are great benefits to summer camp. The goal of summer camp is to enrich the lives of your children. Unfortunately, unexpected events like personal injuries, fractures, lacerations, head injuries, and drownings take place in summer camps. Some can be avoided with better safety measures, supervision, and judgment. Other incidents cannot be avoided. Pediatrics – The Official Journal of The American Academy of Pediatrics published an interesting article / study on injuries in summer camps at Illness and Injury Among Children Attending Summer Camp in the United States The study noted that some activities like horseback riding and capture the flag resulted in a higher incidence of injury.


Traumatic child injuries in Florida including automobile accident, falls, sports injuries, diving injuries, trampoline injuries, and violent injuries (gun shots / stabbings) account for most spinal cord injuries. The spinal cord consists of a bundle of nerves that carry messages between the brain and the rest of the body. Most spinal cord injuries occur in the neck ( cervical ) region. According to the Children’s Hospital Boston, there are a variety of symptoms that can be associated with a spinal cord injury. You can read more about this topic at My Child Has Spinal Cord Injury – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment.

Legal matters and representation of a child with a spinal cord injury can be quite complex. There are a variety of issues to address including but not limited to liability ( fault ), causation, automobile insurance, homeowners insurance, business insurance, health insurance, medical bills – past and future, medical treatment, life care plans, surgery, guardianship, settlement, annuity purchase, loss of support and services for the parents and guardians, and other issues. Whether a child sustains a spinal cord injury or lesser injury, it is helpful to have the advocacy and advice of a Florida child injury lawyer / attorney for these matters.


Florida children acquire or are inflicted with traumatic brain injuries from automobile accidents, playground incidents, day care injuries, slips and falls, sports related injuries, and other causes. Some refer to traumatic brain injury (TBI) as a brain injury or head injury. Traumatic brain injury is caused when sudden trauma damages the brain. Traumatic brain injury occurs when the head suddenly and violently hits an object or when an object goes through or pierces the skull and damages the brain tissue. Symptoms for traumatic brain injury can range from mild to moderate to severe. Some victims of traumatic brain injury experience loss of consciousness and others do not. Other symptoms of traumatic brain injury include the follows: headache, light headedness, dizziness blurred vision, tired eyes, ringing in the ears, bad taste in the mouth, mood change, lethargy, change in sleep patterns, memory problems, concentration problems, attention, and thinking and cognitive defects.

Some children who sustain a traumatic brain injury are affected for life. Since the brain is very fragile, treatment for traumatic brain injury can be quite limited. It is important to get evaluation and treatment for traumatic brain injury by professionals including but not limited to neurologists, neurosurgeons, psychologists, psychiatrists, and / or neuro-pscychologists. The National Institute of Health has some good resources and information for traumatic brain injury at Traumatic Brain Injury – Hope Through Research.


Crocs are great, convenient, and relatively inexpensive shoes. Kids in Jacksonville Florida and across the nation wear crocs and love them. Unfortunately, there are reported incidents where children in Crocs have suffered personal injuries on escalators. A recent incident took place at the Atlanta Hartsfield Airport when 3 year old Lexi Pregliasco had her foot trapped on an escalator. The foot was trapped for 15 minutes (according to her mother) before airport officials could get it loose. Lexi was later diagnosed with three fractured toes which required surgery. There is a video posted at the WJXT News 4 Website that covers this incident – Girl, 3, Injured on Airport Escalator. There have been other reported incidents of Croc Escalator injuries as well.

Kathy, the author and founder of, also wrote an article about Crocs and Escalator Injuries. is a good resource to check out safety issues, product recalls, and child health matters.

Thousands of children suffer eye injuries in Jacksonville Florida and across the Nation each year. Prevent Blindness America is a non-profit organization with a mission of promoting eye safety and preventing blindness. According to their Website (, many eye injuries are preventable if parents and caregivers following three steps:

eye%20child.jpg1. Understand the dangers;

2. Find and remove the hazards; and

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